The UK uses over 5 million tonnes of plastic each year. All the 2 litre plastic milk bottles used in the UK each year would fill the Albert Hall 50 times over. Most plastic is not biodegradable and is made from oil - a depleting and expensive resource. Prices of plastic bottles have increased substantially with the increase in the price of oil. Plastic milk bottles are mostly made from High Density Polyethylene ("HDPE") and require an estimated 500 years to decompose and account for 130,000 tonnes of landfill waste in the UK each year. When the cap is left on, the disposed plastic bottle takes up a large volume of space in the landfill and is difficult to crush. Laminated cardboard cartons that are used as containers for milk and other non-carbonated drinks also pose environmental problems because they are made with plastic coated lamination and are extremely slow to biodegrade. Some laminated containers also contain aluminium elements and other materials which prevent their disposal into the general recycling schemes.
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